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King Philip (1638-1676) started his life as Metacom or Metacomet, and later adopted the English name. Initially, as chief of the Wampanoag people, he sought to maintain a harmonious existence with the local colonists in Massachusetts. As the colonies continued to expand, Philip's tribe was forced to concede land and ammunition, and agree to be subject to English law. By 1675, Philip gathered alliances with other tribes to push back against the colonial expansion and oppression. Ultimately, his war failed and many of the surviving natives were sold into the slave trade. Philip was shot in battle; after recovering his body, his head was placed on a pike outside the entrance to Plymouth, where it remained for more than two decades. His body was cut into quarters and hung in trees, and the man who shot him was given Philip's right hand as a trophy.